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The main difference between Winter Tyres is the modified structure of the rubber. Which allows you to maintain softness and grip on the road at low temperatures, the necessary handling, and braking performance.

Today, there are two types of tyre on the market for winter use – friction and studded. The first widely known among the people as “Velcro”. Each of them has its own characteristics and principles of operation, therefore, such rubber behaves differently in different road conditions.

Which Is Better to Choose, “Spike” Or “Velcro”?

When choosing between two types of winter tyres, the differences between them must be taken into account. They are not only about the presence or absence of thorns. The chemical composition of rubber, the degree of its softness, and the tread pattern are different. It is erroneous to believe that studded rubber, after the loss of studs, turns into friction rubber. In terms of efficiency, such van tyres will be several times inferior to Velcro because of their greater rigidity.

To understand the main differences, you need to consider each of the options in more detail.

Studded Rubber Tyres

Created primarily for ice, with metal spikes installed in a specific sequence. Biting into the ice crust or snow, they hold the car, shorten the braking distance, and improve traction characteristics. At the same time, the rubber itself has the moderate elasticity necessary to hold the studs. Which allows it to retain its original characteristics in operation for a rather long time.

Studded truck tyres created primarily for those who regularly drive outside of large cities, where roads are regularly cleared of snow and treated with reagents. For drivers from provincial cities, suburbs, and rural areas, these tires will be the optimal mode, effectively holding the car when driving on ice or loose snow.

Advantages And Disadvantages of Studded Rubber

To increase the efficiency of the studded set, it is required to run it in for 200-300 kilometers in quiet mode on clean roads. In this case, the likelihood of losing the thorns within a couple of years will be significantly reduced.

Among the pluses of “spike” it is worth highlighting:

  • Efficiency when driving on ice: This is the optimal type of rubber for all-wheel-drive cars and cars with a leading rear axle. Allows you to confidently hold the road when driving on icy surfaces and loose snow.
  • Braking efficiency: Metal studs bite into snow or ice, shortening braking distances and the likelihood of a collision on the road. In addition, due to the reliability of the adhesion, it possible to avoid uncontrolled drifts, which become one of the main causes of road accidents in winter.
  • Improved handling: The good grip adds stabilization to rear-wheel-drive cars, and for models with a front-drive axle, it prevents skidding when cornering with a smooth throttle.

Along with the advantages, one should not forget about the characteristic disadvantages. First of all, studded tyres make a lot of noise, especially on asphalt. Secondly, on a clean road, the effectiveness of “spike” is sharply reduced, and it is inferior to friction models. On the asphalt, the wear of the studs is accelerated, possibly their accelerated fallout.

Friction Rubber

Despite the absence of thorns, this type of rubber is also intended for winter use, moreover, in regions with severe climatic conditions and severe frosts. The increased elasticity of the rubber allows you to maintain elasticity, even in frosts of -20 -30 degrees. The most advanced designs combine the stiffness of the base and the soft rubber of the side blocks. This provides a combination of good maneuverability and short braking distances.

This rubber has a well-developed system of grooves that effectively wick away moisture, counteracting aquaplaning. At the same time, Velcro behaves much better on clean asphalt, so this option is primarily chosen by the owners of large cities, where the roads are cleaned on a regular basis.

Advantages And Disadvantages of Friction Rubber

The basis of the functioning of this type of tyres is the softness of the rubber compound and numerous spies that form additional edges of the engagement. Tyres work effectively on various surfaces at temperatures down to -30 degrees.

Main advantages:

  • Low Noise: The absence of metal spikes allows the rubber to remain virtually silent, even on asphalt.
  • Efficient water diversion through numerous grooves avoids aquaplaning, and the characteristic tread pattern handles snow successfully.
  • It has excellent contact with dry, clean roads, providing controllability, good grip, and shorter braking distances.
  • Wear resistance: The best friction tyre models can last for several seasons without the slightest change in properties. Does not adversely affect the condition of tyres and driving on clean asphalt. Visit rathdowneyquickfit tyres centre near me for best quality Van, Car, and truck tyres for all seasons.
  • Softness of movement: Due to the contact with the road surface through the soft rubber, the Truck tyres absorb shocks on uneven roads much better, increasing the level of comfort on the road.
  • Save fuel: The lighter weight and rolling resistance mean some reduction in the vehicle’s fuel consumption.

Considering the disadvantages of “Velcro”, it should be noted its more modest capabilities when driving on icy roads in comparison with studded tires. In particular, in a skid, the tires do not have the ability to effectively bite into the ice, as the studs provide. Accordingly, on ice, the braking distance of friction tire models also increases. Starting on icy roads is also quite difficult; lack of grip leads to slippage.

What Type of Tyres Should You Choose?

In the process of choosing the type of winter Van tyres, it is necessary to build on the climate in the area of ​​primary use. For example, in areas with a lot of snow, better to choose studded tires, especially for RWD models. For the southern regions and front-wheel drive, it is better to opt for friction models, because ice is extremely rare here.

It is also necessary to take into account the roads. For those who spend most of their time within the city with constant cleaning of the road, Velcro is the only choice, and for out-of-town trips, you can already think about spikes.

Considering the level of one’s own experience, it must be remembered that more difficult to drive a car in difficult conditions on friction rubber. Therefore experience is required here. For beginners, the “spike” is more suitable, forgiving many driving flaws due to a good grip on the road surface. Returning to the drive of the car, for models with a rear-driven axle. It is also worth choosing studs – this is a classic combination. For front-wheel-drive models, and this is the majority of modern cars, Velcro is more advantageous in terms of handling.